View LISTSERV archives

January 2004 Archives for CIO@LISTSERV.EDUCAUSE.EDU

Options:

Show Author | Hide Author
Show Table of Contents | Hide Table of Contents
Search Archives

 

Table of Contents:

2004 EDUCAUSE Awards (1 message)
Access, Fire Alarm, One-Card Systems (3 messages)
Athletic Center Membership Software (1 message)
Bulletin Boards (1 message)
Campus ID Card - display ID number or not (9 messages)
charges for academic computing committees (1 message)
CIO Digest - 27 Jan 2004 to 28 Jan 2004 (#2004-17) (1 message)
Cleaning Alumni Database (2 messages)
Community-Based High Speed Networks (8 messages)
Conference on Information Technology in Education (1 message)
CSA security agent software (1 message)
Developing standards (20 messages)
Do You Read The Fine Print? (6 messages)
Effect of AM radio station on campus IT (4 messages)
Firewalls (3 messages)
Fwd: [CIO] Firewalls (1 message)
Gateway solution to Spam (6 messages)
implementing risk analysis process to meet HIPAA security requirements (1 message)
Info on New Worm (3 messages)
Krone Connection Hardware for Cat6 Infrastructure (3 messages)
Large Classrooms: Thank you (1 message)
Mail attachment size limits? (5 messages)
[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Effect of AM radio station on campus IT (1 message)
[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Outsourcing Technology Management (1 message)
New Large Lecture Rooms (2 messages)
Online dating service inquiry (4 messages)
Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment (6 messages)
Outsourcing (2 messages)
Outsourcing Residence Hall network services (2 messages)
Outsourcing Technology Management (5 messages)
PC Configurations (7 messages)
Planning and budgeting for security (2 messages)
Possible Auditors (5 messages)
Project Management Services (1 message)
Remote assistance for home users (1 message)
Replacement Cycles (1 message)
Response to CAN-SPAM (2 messages)
RFP - Laptop Initiative (4 messages)
Staff Terminations (4 messages)
Testing during interviews (6 messages)
Upcoming conference on Privacy in Higher Ed (1 message)
Web Filtering (1 message)


Subject Sorted by Subject, Chronologically

From

Date

Size

2004 EDUCAUSE Awards

2004 EDUCAUSE Awards

Scott E. Siddall

Sun, 4 Jan 2004 19:04:26 -0500

65 lines

Access, Fire Alarm, One-Card Systems

Re: Access, Fire Alarm, One-Card Systems

Andrew Abbott

Mon, 26 Jan 2004 13:19:32 -0500

50 lines

Re: Access, Fire Alarm, One-Card Systems

Mary Holland

Mon, 26 Jan 2004 12:57:13 -0500

115 lines

Access, Fire Alarm, One-Card Systems

Farnham, Timothy

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 16:11:21 -0500

70 lines

Athletic Center Membership Software

Athletic Center Membership Software

Madden-Hennessey, Jean

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 12:20:29 -0500

30 lines

Bulletin Boards

Bulletin Boards

Neil_Sachnoff

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 07:22:01 -0500

165 lines

Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Garry Bozylinsky

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 09:08:55 -0600

97 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Lavon Frazier

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 17:21:57 -0800

339 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Monday, Kathy

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 18:01:26 -0500

373 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

John M. Plunkett

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 16:45:38 -0500

237 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

James Estrada

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 15:27:56 -0500

68 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Farnham, Timothy

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 15:04:19 -0500

369 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Mary Holland

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 14:17:58 -0500

430 lines

Re: Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Charlie Prothero

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 13:47:26 -0500

350 lines

Campus ID Card - display ID number or not

Monday, Kathy

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 13:25:36 -0500

171 lines

charges for academic computing committees

charges for academic computing committees

Cathy Doyle

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 13:43:20 -0500

28 lines

CIO Digest - 27 Jan 2004 to 28 Jan 2004 (#2004-17)

Re: CIO Digest - 27 Jan 2004 to 28 Jan 2004 (#2004-17)

Bartels, Frank

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 08:41:48 -0500

86 lines

Cleaning Alumni Database

Re: Cleaning Alumni Database

Douglas Camp

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 17:43:12 -0500

41 lines

Cleaning Alumni Database

Jim Wolfgang

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 14:26:06 -0500

65 lines

Community-Based High Speed Networks

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Craig Mulder

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 22:33:39 -0500

104 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Thomas Horn

Mon, 26 Jan 2004 09:25:12 -0500

128 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Ian McLeod

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 12:43:01 -0800

23 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Dale Smith

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 14:42:43 -0800

41 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Cerise Oberman

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 16:05:02 -0500

95 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Sheehan, Mark

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 13:18:32 -0700

127 lines

Re: Community-Based High Speed Networks

Brian D. Voss

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 14:49:34 -0500

68 lines

Community-Based High Speed Networks

Cerise Oberman

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 14:34:09 -0500

164 lines

Conference on Information Technology in Education

Conference on Information Technology in Education

Heasley, Ronald P

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 15:58:15 -0500

402 lines

CSA security agent software

CSA security agent software

Suzanne Risley

Tue, 20 Jan 2004 14:45:31 -0500

112 lines

Developing standards

Re: Developing standards

Ian McLeod

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 12:35:00 -0800

71 lines

Re: Developing Standards

Mire Jon Civ AETC/SCTI

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 10:45:48 -0600

367 lines

Re: Developing Standards

Dorette Kerian

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 09:54:20 -0600

117 lines

Re: Developing Standards

Doug Allen

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 08:14:17 -0600

292 lines

Re: Developing Standards

Theresa M Rowe

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 08:49:55 -0500

132 lines

Developing Standards

Dwight Fischer

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 08:43:26 -0500

350 lines

Re: Developing standards

Stephen Landry

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 18:09:17 -0500

113 lines

Re: Developing standards

Farnham, Timothy

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 17:05:49 -0500

162 lines

Re: Developing standards

Don GARDNER

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 13:26:21 -0700

127 lines

Re: Developing standards

Kisselburgh, Lorraine G.

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 14:32:44 -0500

246 lines

Re: Developing standards

Ken Schindler

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 13:24:59 -0500

152 lines

Re: Developing Standards

CIO

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 11:36:18 -0600

164 lines

Re: Developing standards

Jeff Giacobbe

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 12:27:52 -0500

44 lines

Re: Developing standards

Linda Deneen

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 10:07:36 -0600

42 lines

Re: Developing standards

John M. Plunkett

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 10:40:26 -0500

77 lines

Re: Developing standards

Theresa M Rowe

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 10:26:10 -0500

159 lines

Re: Developing standards

Alfred Essa

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 10:00:27 -0500

213 lines

Re: Developing standards

Richard Wraith

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 17:28:38 +1100

60 lines

Re: Developing standards

Paul Nast

Wed, 21 Jan 2004 10:24:15 -0600

267 lines

Developing standards

Dwight Fischer

Wed, 21 Jan 2004 10:34:28 -0500

135 lines

Do You Read The Fine Print?

Re: Do You Read The Fine Print?

Steve Worona

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 17:09:26 -0800

79 lines

Re: Do You Read The Fine Print?

Ron Parker

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 18:53:54 -0600

66 lines

Re: Do You Read The Fine Print?

Steve Worona

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 13:56:45 -0800

90 lines

Re: Do You Read The Fine Print?

Ron Parker

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 14:22:11 -0600

74 lines

Re: Do You Read The Fine Print?

Rodney Petersen

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 12:57:29 -0700

69 lines

Do You Read The Fine Print?

Mike Yohe

Wed, 7 Jan 2004 12:57:10 -0600

35 lines

Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

Re: Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

Bill Green

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 11:20:38 -0800

54 lines

Re: Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

John Beck

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 13:02:40 -0600

75 lines

Re: Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

Mary Holland

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 13:34:13 -0500

171 lines

Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

Dewitt Latimer

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 12:55:11 -0500

120 lines

Firewalls

Re: Firewalls

John M. Plunkett

Wed, 21 Jan 2004 16:24:44 -0500

143 lines

Re: Firewalls

Melissa Guenther

Wed, 21 Jan 2004 14:15:16 -0700

199 lines

Firewalls

Pat Kohrman

Wed, 21 Jan 2004 16:08:11 -0500

31 lines

Fwd: [CIO] Firewalls

Re: Fwd: [CIO] Firewalls

Gary Dobbins

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 10:52:42 -0500

52 lines

Gateway solution to Spam

Re: Gateway solution to Spam

Ackerman, David (LCC - jda)

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 08:29:58 -0600

67 lines

Re: Gateway solution to Spam

Counts, LaNeta

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 19:01:29 -0500

74 lines

Re: Gateway solution to Spam

Ruiz, Michael

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 15:52:47 -0500

109 lines

Re: Gateway solution to Spam

Brian D. Voss

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 14:03:57 -0500

78 lines

Re: Gateway solution to Spam

Farnham, Timothy

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 13:52:21 -0500

61 lines

Gateway solution to Spam

Valerie Roman

Thu, 29 Jan 2004 13:41:27 -0500

33 lines

implementing risk analysis process to meet HIPAA security requirements

implementing risk analysis process to meet HIPAA security requirements

David Grisham UNMH ISO

Thu, 8 Jan 2004 13:56:39 -0700

31 lines

Info on New Worm

Re: Info on New Worm

Dan Carnevale

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 10:25:05 -0500

21 lines

Re: Info on New Worm

Mordosky, Anthony J.

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 16:19:05 -0500

65 lines

Info on New Worm

Dan Carnevale

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 15:29:16 -0500

35 lines

Krone Connection Hardware for Cat6 Infrastructure

Re: Krone Connection Hardware for Cat6 Infrastructure

Manuel Amaral

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 14:48:52 -0500

298 lines

Re: Krone Connection Hardware for Cat6 Infrastructure

Ron Parker

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 13:06:10 -0600

84 lines

Krone Connection Hardware for Cat6 Infrastructure

Martyne Hallgren

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 12:58:38 -0500

221 lines

Large Classrooms: Thank you

Large Classrooms: Thank you

Arnold Hassen

Mon, 26 Jan 2004 15:10:44 -0500

49 lines

Mail attachment size limits?

Re: Mail attachment size limits?

Kevin OHalla

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 14:47:14 -0500

104 lines

Re: Mail attachment size limits?

C Green - Campus Computing

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 06:50:57 -0800

94 lines

Re: Mail attachment size limits?

Brian D. Voss

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 08:42:55 -0500

63 lines

Re: Mail attachment size limits?

Farnham, Timothy

Wed, 28 Jan 2004 06:37:03 -0500

40 lines

Mail attachment size limits?

Brian D. Voss

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 22:37:50 -0500

37 lines

[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Effect of AM radio station on campus IT

Bill Green

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 11:20:38 -0800

65 lines

[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Outsourcing Technology Management

[log in to unmask] - Email has different SMTP TO: and MIME TO: fields in the email addresses - Re: [CIO] Outsourcing Technology Management

Dr. Michelle A-M Roberts

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 14:21:45 -0600

235 lines

New Large Lecture Rooms

Re: New Large Lecture Rooms

Mary Holland

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 12:11:59 -0500

363 lines

New Large Lecture Rooms

Arnold Hassen

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 10:52:10 -0500

60 lines

Online dating service inquiry

Re: Online dating service inquiry

Margaret Cline

Tue, 13 Jan 2004 17:00:26 -0500

89 lines

Re: Online dating service inquiry

John Beck

Fri, 9 Jan 2004 11:15:19 -0600

54 lines

Re: Online dating service inquiry

David Steinour

Fri, 9 Jan 2004 10:46:58 -0500

262 lines

Online dating service inquiry

Diane Barbour

Fri, 9 Jan 2004 10:25:31 -0500

55 lines

Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Re: Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Neil_Sachnoff

Sat, 17 Jan 2004 09:31:39 -0500

245 lines

Re: Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Malik K. Rahman

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 12:52:57 -0500

387 lines

Re: Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Ley, John

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 11:29:22 -0600

608 lines

Re: Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Diane Barbour

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 12:22:30 -0500

282 lines

Re: Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Christine Haile

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 12:14:33 -0500

188 lines

Operations Staffing in an ERP Environment

Taylor, Lance

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 11:29:25 -0500

152 lines

Outsourcing

Re: Outsourcing

Maggie Deming

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 14:33:07 -0700

94 lines

Outsourcing

Theresa M Rowe

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 14:53:13 -0500

22 lines

Outsourcing Residence Hall network services

Re: Outsourcing Residence Hall network services

Brian D. Voss

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 14:38:24 -0500

74 lines

Outsourcing Residence Hall network services

Hilton, Linda D

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 14:02:43 -0500

29 lines

Outsourcing Technology Management

Re: Outsourcing Technology Management

Ouska, Julie

Sat, 31 Jan 2004 08:54:51 -0500

311 lines

Re: Outsourcing Technology Management

Dr. Michelle A-M Roberts

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 14:21:45 -0600

221 lines

Re: Outsourcing Technology Management

Carroll, Tim

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 13:32:23 -0500

348 lines

Re: Outsourcing Technology Management

Farnham, Timothy

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 13:27:55 -0500

162 lines

Outsourcing Technology Management

Dr. Michelle A-M Roberts

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 11:21:37 -0600

76 lines

PC Configurations

Re: PC Configurations

Ian McLeod

Fri, 23 Jan 2004 12:48:03 -0800

29 lines

Re: PC Configurations

Mike Honeycutt

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 22:25:35 -0500

85 lines

Re: PC Configurations

Maggie Deming

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 09:59:43 -0700

288 lines

Re: PC Configurations

Paul Nast

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 10:43:51 -0600

301 lines

Re: PC Configurations

Mary Holland

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 09:26:37 -0500

280 lines

Re: PC Configurations

Hisle, W. Lee (Information Services)

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 09:23:36 -0500

254 lines

PC Configurations

Neil_Sachnoff

Wed, 14 Jan 2004 07:36:47 -0500

192 lines

Planning and budgeting for security

Re: Planning and budgeting for security

Chris Rusbridge

Tue, 20 Jan 2004 17:54:06 -0000

115 lines

Planning and budgeting for security

Gordon D. Wishon

Tue, 20 Jan 2004 11:47:14 -0500

157 lines

Possible Auditors

Re: Possible Auditors

Steve Smith

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 08:59:08 -0900

98 lines

Re: Possible Auditors

Steve Smith

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 08:57:10 -0900

265 lines

Re: Possible Auditors

Geoff Nathan

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 09:42:40 -0500

41 lines

Re: Possible Auditors

Martin Kratz

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 09:36:50 -0500

100 lines

Possible Auditors

Geoff Nathan

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 08:32:40 -0500

46 lines

Project Management Services

Project Management Services

Charles Burmeister

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 14:05:09 -0600

244 lines

Remote assistance for home users

Remote assistance for home users

Maggie Deming

Fri, 16 Jan 2004 14:42:19 -0700

183 lines

Replacement Cycles

Replacement Cycles

Cota, Anthony

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 14:14:17 -0600

105 lines

Response to CAN-SPAM

Re: Response to CAN-SPAM

Joe St Sauver

Thu, 15 Jan 2004 17:11:05 -0800

93 lines

Response to CAN-SPAM

David Todd

Thu, 15 Jan 2004 15:33:06 -0800

43 lines

RFP - Laptop Initiative

Re: RFP - Laptop Initiative

Ken Clipperton

Mon, 12 Jan 2004 10:21:34 -0600

80 lines

Re: RFP - Laptop Initiative

Mary Jo Gorney-Moreno

Thu, 8 Jan 2004 09:41:06 -0800

191 lines

Re: RFP - Laptop Initiative

Patti Smith

Thu, 8 Jan 2004 11:48:03 -0500

77 lines

RFP - Laptop Initiative

Gary Kelley

Thu, 8 Jan 2004 11:30:41 -0500

49 lines

Staff Terminations

Re: Staff Terminations

Russell Merrill

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 22:06:07 -0500

128 lines

Re: Staff Terminations

Patti Smith

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 12:40:49 -0500

205 lines

Re: Staff Terminations

Mike Yohe

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 11:35:40 -0600

88 lines

Staff Terminations

Gene.Mitchell

Tue, 27 Jan 2004 12:15:44 -0500

209 lines

Testing during interviews

Re: Testing during interviews

Farnham, Timothy

Sat, 31 Jan 2004 08:23:36 -0500

39 lines

Re: Testing during interviews

Ron Parker

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 19:54:38 -0600

57 lines

Re: Testing during interviews

Ann Adams

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 16:09:04 -0800

31 lines

Re: Testing during interviews

Andrew Lawlor

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 15:33:10 -0500

61 lines

Re: Testing during interviews

Mary Holland

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 14:13:03 -0500

56 lines

Testing during interviews

Christine J. Mathews

Fri, 30 Jan 2004 14:12:13 -0500

32 lines

Upcoming conference on Privacy in Higher Ed

Upcoming conference on Privacy in Higher Ed

Steve Worona

Mon, 26 Jan 2004 22:40:07 -0800

25 lines

Web Filtering

Web Filtering

Alan Hargrave

Thu, 22 Jan 2004 11:04:28 -0600

39 lines


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Join or Leave CIO

Join or Leave CIO


Archives

February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998

ATOM RSS1 RSS2

Disclaimer: This listserv does not reflect the views of EDUCAUSE. These messages are only the opinion of the poster. The anonymity of the user cannot be guaranteed.